Nowadays RC airplanes which are the most exciting, bigger, faster, dexterous and more aerobatics are the sovereigns of the RC world. It’s very much important for any beginner or advanced flier to know the components of the RC plane.
The primary knowledge of the components and parts will enable the flier to assemble the plane in case of any crash or damage. Basic knowledge of a technical operating system and the elements of the RC plane will help you to get the most out of your RC plane.
This article will enable you to know your RC plane in a better technical way. This article is based on general RC planes both electric as well as gas powered. Because both of them have same operating functions and components except motor of a gas powered plane is running on gas and that of an electric plane is running on battery power/ electricity.
Let’s know the major components of the RC planes
This is one of the important parts of any remote-controlled plane as it supplies the power to run the motor, receiver, and servos. Flier must know which type of battery is used in the RC plane, what is the life of the battery and how long span of time it will give you to fly the plane at a single charge.
The important thing to know is the Amp capacity of the battery as its discharge rate. Lithium Polymer (LiPo) batteries, Nickel Cadmium (NiCd), and Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) are most commonly used batteries for RC plane. But the Lithium Polymer (LiPo) batteries are the standard batteries for the RC hobby. You must read the instructions and directions carefully that comes with your battery.
This is an essential component of any RC plane as this will turn the propeller, and allows your plane to fly. There are mainly two types of RC electric motors used in RC airplanes. The first type is a “canned” motor. Canned motor with brushes is a standard DC motor.
The second type RC electric motor is an RC motor it is a brushless motor. Technically brushless motors are more efficient, powerful and lighter than canned motors. Brushless motor allows you to fly any size RC aircraft without loud, noisy and messy engines. Brushless motors have technically revolutionized both the ends of the spectrum.
The transmitter is used to control your plane. This is normally the most expensive electronic device or component that you will buy. Most of the modern transmitters nowadays use the 2.4 GHz frequency. These transmitters have antennas which are shorter and easier to handle as compared to the older FM radios.
There are 1 to 6 channel transmitters available. Channels indicate the things you can control. A standard RC transmitter that one can buy for an RC plane has six channels. These channels control the motor, Aux 1, Aux 2, rudder, elevator and ailerons. So technically speaking each channel controls a different motor.
- Fuselage: This is the main body of the RC aircraft.
- Canopy: This part will go over the cockpit. This is the place where the “pilot” would sit, and this will provide a roof to the pilot.
- Cowl: This will be placed on the front of the airplane. The cowl will give coverage to the motor unit.
- Landing gear: These are the wheels of the plane. They are used to land the aircraft. Two wheels are located in front and one wheel at the rear of the fuselage.
- Propellor: Propellor is used to turn and propel the aircraft forward.
- Recharger: This charges up the battery. Read the instruction carefully about the recharger as it is going to give life to the battery.
- Spinner: It is the front nose of the propeller.
- Wings: They give the flight to the RC plane.
Beside these major components, there are few smaller but very useful internal elements of the RC planes. These parts are located or placed inside the fuselage.
Let’s check out these smaller internal components too.
- Receiver or controller:
The essential function of the receiver is to send the signal to the various servos in the airplane and to receive the radio signal from the transmitter. This is just how flier controls the plane. The receiver connects to the transmitter wirelessly using a 2.4 GHz frequency as 2.4 GHz frequency is the standard frequency for RC planes.
The receiver typically runs off of 5 volts, and it sends signals to the servos to turn the RC plane. A receiver also sends signals to the ESC regarding the speed of the motor it should run. The receiver gets the volts form the battery elimination circuit or ESC’s BEC.
Servos are the small sized electrical activated devices that help to push or pull the control rods. Servos are the thing that moves your control surfaces. The servos are plugged into the receiver
- Control rods:
Control rods expand to the movable parts of the aircraft like the rudder, ailerons, and elevators. The movement of these rods moves the controlled parts of the plane and enables it to change its flight path.
The clevis is the final part that flier should know about. The control rod and the controllers are connected through this clevis.
The flier must gain primary technical knowledge of the critical control parts of the aircraft. These control components enable the flier to control the flight.
Function of these major control components
This controls the speed of the engine of the RC plane and thus how slow or fast the propeller rotates. The airplane will go faster when more throttles are applied, and the plane will go slower when fewer accelerators are used. This also affects the speed at the time of takeoff and landing. This works by shifting the amount of fuel and air that goes into the combustion chamber of the engine.
The elevators control the horizontal pitch of the RC airplane. The elevators are the attached section of the horizontal stabilizer at the rear, and they are the only major control surface.
The essential function of the ailerons is to control the roll of RC plane. Ailerons work through the change the volume of lift generation over the wings of the plane.
The rudder in the RC plane controls the Yaw of the plane. It turns the plane to the right or left. It is the hinged section of the vertical stabilizer that is fin at the rear.
These all are the standard components of any RC airplanes. You must gain primary knowledge about how your RC plane will be operated, what are its essential components and how it will respond to remote or transmitter inputs. This basic understanding will enable you to enjoy your RC plane model to its fullest and get the most out of the RC flying hobby.